Register to Vote Online at www.Elections.Hawaii.gov
Register to Vote Online at www.Elections.Hawaii.gov
In 1958, Patsy Mink was Chair of the Territorial Senate Education Committee. More funds per capita were spent on public education in Hawaii during her 1958-59 term than at any time since that session under her leadership, 64 years ago.
President Lyndon Johnson was a teacher in rural Texas before he entered politics. When Patsy Mink arrived in Congress, she continued her focus on improving access to education and providing the needed federal funding. Patsy Mink found an ally in President Johnson. She helped Johnson pass his Head Start program for low-income children in 1965.
Patsy Mink established a federal grant in 1966 to help states provide and pay for Special Education programs for students with disabilities.
Some immigrant children arrive at school with limited or no English ability. Congresswoman Mink obtained federal funds for a new Bilingual Education federal program. The Act known as Title VII, was the first federal legislation in the United States that recognized the needs of limited English speaking students. The law was signed by President Lyndon Johnson on January 2, 1968.
Patsy Mink authored and led the effort to pass Title IX, granting women equal access to education. An institution receiving federal funds could no longer discriminate against admitting women or including women in their programs. The law was signed by President Richard Nixon on June 23, 1972.
Part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "War on Poverty" was the passage of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" signed into law by President Johnson on April 11, 1965.
This law was replaced by President Bush's "No Child Left Behind Act" on January 8, 2002.
Attention to schools with disadvantaged students. Provides federal funding to schools with a high percentage of students from low-income families. The purpose is to help improve basic programs, hire additional teachers, and to ensure access to quality education.
Teacher Training. Federal funds designed to support states and districts in recruiting, preparing, training and developing teachers and school principals.
Support for School Libraries and Text books.
Adult Education and English Learners. Programs for English proficiency. Funding for English learners and their families. Includes Adult and Community Education.
Research & Training. Provides funding for educational research and training.
Supplemental grants to states.
Provided definitions and limitations related to the law. Amended in 1967 to include education for individuals with disabilities.
Provides Bilingual education in 1968.
Signed into law by President Johnson on January 5, 1968.
Provides for educational needs for Indian Education in 1972. Funds for Indian, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native education.
Vocational Education was boosted in 1969.
Provided a definition of gifted and talented and established Teachers Corps.
Prohibits sex-based discrimination. Federal law protects individuals from discrimination based on sex in schools or other federally funded programs. Authored by Congresswoman Patsy Mink. Signed into law by President Nixon on June 23, 1972.
Congresswoman Patsy Mink spent four years (1967-1971) trying to establish a national day-care system. Day-care would be tied to public elementary schools. Fees would be on a sliding-scale for middle class families and free for low-income households. Opponents objected because it would encourage mothers to work outside of the home. Her bill finally passed both houses of Congress in 1971. Initially President Nixon supported a national day care system but was pressured by a member of his staff, Patrick Buchanan, to veto the bill. The White House justified the veto saying it would weaken the American family. Day care would lead to the "Sovietization" of American children.
Congresswoman Mink said the failure of her day-care bill was one of the real disappointments of her political career..
When Congresswoman Patsy Mink served in Congress, she had to persuade men in power to support her vision for a more equitable America.
In 1968, while Richard Nixon was campaigning for president, he supported a national public daycare system. Nixon promised to "make a national commitment to providing all American children an opportunity for a healthful and stimulating development during the first five years of life."
Congresswoman Mink worked with then-Senator Walter Mondale, Chairman of the Senate Subcommittee on Children and Youth to sponsor the bill in the Senate. The legislation had bipartisan cooperation. It passed the Senate 63 to 17 and 211 to 187 in the House. President Nixon was expected to sign it. At the 11th hour, to satisfy conservatives in the upcoming 1972 primary, Nixon surprised everyone, when he vetoed the bill on December 10, 1971.
During WWII, the Federal Government provided day care centers near factories for working mothers. After the war the program ended in 1946.
During the 60's most women with young children did not work outside the home. By 1995, the labor force rate of married mothers grew to 65 percent. By 1998, the labor force participation among single mothers grew to 77 percent.
In 1960 the average child in a middle-income, husband and wife family spent 2% on daycare.
In 2013, that same family was spending 18% of their budget on child care.
Today, childcare is not affordable for the average American family and it usually costs more than the rent or mortgage if you have two kids. Millennial parents complain that quality day care often costs more than in-state college tuition.
Because of the pandemic, 3 million working mothers were forced to leave the work force. President Biden's economic recovery plan includes providing childcare for working mothers.
Our podcast will look at Patsy Mink's previous national day care model that can help give the public the historic context it needs to make an informed decision today.
Patsy Mink The Untold Story
Copyright © 2022 Patsy Mink The Untold Story - All Rights Reserved.
We Talk Story, Inc.